Most representative farms in major U.S. production regions that are used to project future farm financial conditions would face serious cash flow shortfalls based on 2016 crop prices, says a Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service economist Joe Outlaw.
Outlaw, co-director of the Agricultural and Food Policy Center at Texas A&M University in College Station, provided a statement on the economic conditions for crop agriculture to members of the U.S. House Committee on Agriculture Feb. 15.
Outlaw says projections indicate 17 of the 23 feed grain and oilseed farms are projected to be in moderate or poor financial condition; nine of the 11 wheat farms are projected to be in moderate or poor financial condition; 11 of the 15 cotton farms are projected to be in moderate or poor financial condition; and 12 of the 15 rice farms are expected to end the period in moderate or poor financial condition.
“There was only one farmer who reported making a profit on the 2016 crop,” Outlaw says. “Corn farmers from North Dakota and Iowa as well as cotton farmers from West Texas indicated the only reason they broke even in 2016 was record yields. Generally, all of the rest indicated that 2016 was a loss year where they had to roll operating notes forward or draw from reserves to pay off operating loans.”
Outlaw says most indicated equity positions were down at least 20 percent from 2013. Land values had declined with many reporting substantial declines in equipment values as a major cause of lower equity, in addition to having to borrow more.
“Many of the farmers from the South mentioned a growing number of farm equipment sales by farmers who either retired on their own or were persuaded to retire by their lenders,” Outlaw says.
“Their overall observations about the current financing environment were very discouraging to say the least. They all indicated there is nothing else left to cut. They have all cut back on expenses and delayed replacing equipment that needs to be replaced to the point that maintenance costs are getting tougher to deal with.”
Outlaw says the producer safety net in the 2014 farm bill has worked as intended for all crops except for cotton, helping an “overwhelming majority of U.S. producers stay in business through some very difficult times.”
He also notes that in the three years since the 2014 farm bill went into effect, crop cash receipts have fallen from $211.4 billion in 2014 down to $187.7 billion in 2016, a decline of $23.7 billion.
“During that time, Title I payments to crop farmers have totaled $13.2 billion or a little more than one-half of the estimated loss in crop receipts. In no way are commodity payments making producers whole,” Outlaw says.