Fresno County raisin grower Jim Berekoff’s Thompson seedless grapes were softening in mid-June, but he wasn’t ready to shut down his powdery mildew control program, not until berries had reached full veraison. Barring any cool weather, that could happen by the end June, he says.
Powdery mildew pressure in his 60-acre, flood-irrigated vineyard has been about average this season. Very hot weather in early June seemingly ended the powdery mildew threat, but temperatures moderated later to the 70- to 85-degree range, ideal for growth of the disease-spreading spores.
“This is a very critical time,” says Berekoff. “If I back off now, the disease could bite me. If a number of grapes haven’t softened by the last week of June, I’ll treat again with sulfur dust or a fungicide spray.”
That should be it for the season, bringing his total powdery mildew prevention program to six treatments. Except for several applications of sulfur dust, most of these treatments combined a spray of wettable sulfur and a systemic fungicide.
“I do all the field work myself,” he says. “By combining both types of materials I’m not spending all my time on the tractor. And, I can irrigate without worrying so much about powdery mildew developing while water is in the field.”
Berekoff has been growing grapes near Kerman, Calif., for the past 30 years. Now semi-retired, he’s cut back his 130-acre raisin operation to the more manageable 60 acres. He leases out his remaining 70 acres of Thompson seedless.
Berekoff’s vines have been flourishing under ideal weather this year. “The weather has been good to them,” he says. “The vines are clean and look very healthy. The bunch count is good, and there are good shoulders on the bunches. After treating the vineyard with gibberellic acid at bloom, the berries are sizing up nicely. Right now, the crop size looks to be above average. If the weather turns real hot, though, they’ll start getting stressed.”
Insect pests like leafhopper and omnivorous leafroller haven’t been a problem.
“Over the years, most growers in the area have included an insecticide in their bloom sprays to control these pests,” he explains. “I think we’ve knocked down the populations to where there are not many out there.”
Despite a history of mite problems, the healthy condition of his vines this year could eliminate any need to control the pests this season, Berekoff reports. If not, he’ll treat them with a foliar applied with an electrostatic sprayer. It allows him to apply a fungicide using just 26 gallons of water per acre, about half the amount of water needed with a conventional sprayer.
With the crop maturing fast this season, Berekoff could begin harvesting his grapes around Aug. 20. This year, rather than dry them on trays, he may send his green grapes to a dehydrator. That would be a first for him. He’d make less money — probably getting about what he would selling green to a winery. However, with the dehydrator company harvesting the grapes, he’ll not worry about labor at harvest time.
Berekoff is a Raisin Bargaining Association director and is expecting the industry to establish the price for this year’s crop by the end of August, if not sooner.
“Everyone is waiting to see how the crop sizes out and how that affects inventories before the prices are set for raisins and green grapes,” he says. “I’d like to see the raisin prices stay close to last year’s level — $1,900 a ton. That way, growers can continue to make money instead of barely breaking-even as we had been.”
Over the last three years, he notes, the price growers have received for their raisins has increased $600 a ton.
“Even with these higher prices, sales of raisins haven’t dropped that much,” Berekoff says. “The industry needs to give the current price levels time to work. Higher prices will enable more growers to keep their vines in the ground rather than replacing them with more profitable alternatives, like almonds.”
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