The latest California Field Crop Review from the National Agricultural Statistics Service’s Sacramento, Calif., Field Office:
California's 2009 corn for grain production is expected to total 630,000 tons, down 32 percent from last year. Harvested acreage of 125,000 is down 26 percent, and the yield forecast of 5.04 tons per acre is 8 percent below the previous year.
The U.S. corn for grain production is forecast at 362 million tons, 7 percent above 2008. The average yield is forecast at 4.56 tons, 6 percent above last year. The yield will be the highest on record if realized.
California's 2009 Upland cotton production is forecast at 218,000 bales, down 41 percent from last year. With harvested acreage of 70,000, the resulting yield is 1,495 pounds per acre.
U.S. Upland cotton production is forecast at 12.1 million bales, 2 percent below the 2008 crop. The average yield of 767 pounds per acre is 36 pounds below last year. Harvested acreage, at 7.59 million acres, is up 3 percent from last year.
The American Pima cotton production in California is forecast at 330,000 bales, down 18 percent from the 2008 crop. Harvested acreage is estimated at 127,000 acres with a resulting yield of 1,247 pounds per acre.
All rice production in California for 2009 is forecast at 46.7 million cwt. for 2009, 8 percent above the previous year. The yield forecast is 8,500 pounds per acre, and the harvested acreage is estimated at 549,000.
U.S. rice production is forecast at 218 million cwt., 7 percent above 2008. The average yield is forecast at 7,038 pounds per acre, down 77 pounds from the October forecast, but 192 pounds above the 2008 average yield of 6,846 pounds per acre. Area for harvest is expected to total 3.1 million acres, up 4 percent from last year.
• Sugar beets
California's sugar beet production is forecast at 984,000 tons, down 2 percent from the 2008 crop. Harvested acreage is estimated at 24,600, and the yield forecast is 40 tons per acre.
U.S. sugar beet production is forecast at 29.4 million tons, 5 percent below the October forecast, but 10 percent above last year's production. The yield is forecast at 25.6 tons per acre, 4 percent below 2008.
• California milled rice stocks – Oct. 2009
Milled rice stocks in all positions totaled 1.48 million cwt., 142 percent above last year. The data for second heads, screenings, and brewers were not published to avoid disclosure of individual operations.
• California rough rice stocks – Oct. 2009 California rough rice stocks in all positions on Oct. 1, 2009 totaled 1.83 million cwt., down slightly from the total on Oct. 1, 2008. California rough rice stocks were down 69 percent from the Aug. 1, 2009 level. Medium grain varieties accounted for 51 percent of the total rough rice while long and short varieties combined to account for 49 percent of the total rough rice stocks.
• Fall potato production
California's production of fall potatoes is expected to total 4.16 million cwt., 5 percent above 2008. The average yield at 495,000 cwt. is expected to be 5 percent above the previous year. Area harvested at 8,400 acres is virtually unchanged from last year. Favorable weather conditions aided yields and resulted in good crop quality reports from growers.
The U.S. production of fall potatoes for 2009 is forecast at 392 million cwt., up 3 percent from 2008. Area harvested at 920,000 acres is virtually unchanged from the July estimate. The average yield forecast at 426 cwt. per acre is up 15 cwt. per acre from last year’s yield and, if realized, will be the highest yield on record.
Idaho’s yield is forecast at 411 cwt. per acre. If realized, this will be Idaho’s highest yield on record, 25 cwt. above the record yield set in 2006. Oregon’s crop had a normal start without any widespread delays during planting.
• California field crop prices
Prices received by California farmers at mid-October were above September for all hay and alfalfa hay. Other hay remained unchanged from the previous month. Wheat, dry edible beans, summer potatoes, and cottonseed were not published to avoid disclosure of individual buyers. Sales were insufficient to establish a mid-month price for barley and upland cotton lint. Prices were below a year earlier for all potatoes, fall potatoes, and all types of hay.