Fallowed farmland grows only weeds

Central California grower George Delgado points to weeds where he once grew melons and other row crops. Delgado was forced to fallow thousands of acres of land because federal agencies denied him access to surface water for irrigation.

'Fish don't have calendars' - guest commentary

Is federal fisheries service being responsible by refusing to use real-time techniques to protect Delta Smelt?

(Guest commentary by Mike Wade, executive director of the California Farm Water Coalition, Sacramento, Calif.)

On Jan. 1, the federal National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) instituted a management action that reduces water deliveries to 25 million Californians and millions of acres of struggling drought impacted farmland.

All of this is done in the name of protecting salmon. But fish don’t have calendars.

Regrettably, NMFS continues to use a robotic calendar-based approach to fish management despite ongoing real-time monitoring and sampling triggers that would more accurately gauge the protection needs for fish.

State fishery managers recently used such real-time techniques to protect the Delta smelt. Why aren’t their federal counterparts using the same smart approach toward species protection? It’s not as though the federal biologists aren’t aware of real-time fishery management

In its Dec. 30 regulatory announcement NMFS stated, “NMFS has discussed utilizing a real-time monitoring based approach with Reclamation and other parties, and remains open to developing such monitoring based real-time triggers for next year.”

Terrific. Another year will go by and farms will continue to be denied water that could legally be delivered while still protecting fish under the flexibility that environmental water managers have.

In just 22 days from December 15 to January 5 California’s water supply lost 252,748 acre-feet of water due to Endangered Species Act-related pumping restrictions. That water could have irrigated over 84,000 acres of food-producing farmland.

Because roughly half of the nation’s fresh fruits, nuts and vegetables come from California, production losses here are significant on a national scale. How much food? Here are a few individual examples of what that water could have grown in California with three acre-feet per acre. Many farmers use less.

  • 7.4 billion three-ounce servings of broccoli
  • 10.8 billion 1.1-ounce servings of avocados
  • 10.9 billion 5.3-ounce servings of bell peppers
  • 11.1 billion three-ounce servings of leaf lettuce
  • 24.2 billion 3.9 ounce servings of celery

(Servings size based on FDA nutrition guidelines)

Meanwhile our dependence on foreign food production continues to escalate. Every unplanted acre here at home opens the door for a producer in another country to plant and grow a crop under conditions that have long been illegal here in California, including poorer labor standards, clear cutting of land, unchecked pesticide use, etc.

Let’s hope NMFS provided all of the salmon in the Delta with a new calendar for Christmas so they know when to start their migration. This situation begs another question of course, if NMFS isn’t going to actually use the real-time capabilities that have been developed at significant cost, why bother?


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