Livestock industries monitoring global grain harvests

Animal protein and dairy sectors will be closely monitoring prospective global grain harvests.

Despite record high feed costs during the 2012/13 crop year, feed use in the animal protein sector has slipped by only two percent as U.S. farmers and ranchers limited the downsizing of their herds. A decline in margins has been offset to a degree by rising animal protein prices and growing exports, especially to Asia.

According to CoBank's newly released Quarterly Rural Economic Review, the smallest cattle inventory since 1952 has created market growth opportunities for the poultry and pork sectors, which have avoided liquidations of their herd or broiler flocks. The report notes that both the animal protein and dairy sectors will be closely monitoring prospective global grain harvests which, should they fail to reach their full potential, could require significant realignment in market strategies.

In the report titled, "Subpar Economic Growth, Drought Relief, and Upbeat Crop Prospects ," CoBank notes that the grain and oilseed markets have reacted with renewed optimism to improvements in U.S. drought conditions during the past month. Still, timely rains and favorable planting conditions will be needed for the 2013/14 crops to reach their full potential and weather will continue to play an important role as the winter wheat crop develops and field work begins in preparation for corn and soybean planting.


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The USDA's eagerly anticipated March 28 stocks report was decidedly bearish, with its estimates exceeding the average trade estimates for corn, soybeans, and wheat. Still, stocks relative to use for the old-crop marketing year are expected to fall to their lowest levels since 1995/96 for corn, and to 1964/65 levels for soybeans.

The USDA's March survey of planting intentions reported that 231 million acres will be sown to corn, soybeans, and wheat this spring, a slight gain over last-year's record high. However, total planted acreage nationwide will be slightly below what it was last year, and continuing drought conditions in some areas have produced a heightened level of uncertainty. As a result, agricultural markets will vacillate between the reality of current low stocks and expectations of abundant future supplies and price expectations for the new crop year will remain unusually wide ranging.

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